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Jack-o'-lantern

 

(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of large American hares, having very large ears and long legs. The California species (), and that of Texas and New Mexico ({L. callotis}), have the tail black above, and the ears black at the tip. They do not become white in winter. The more northern prairie hare ({L. campestris}) has the upper side of the tail white, and in winter its fur becomes nearly white.
(Arch.), in England, one of the shorter rafters used in constructing a hip or valley roof; in the United States, any secondary roof timber, as the common rafters resting on purlins in a trussed roof; also, one of the pieces simulating extended rafters, used under the eaves in some styles of building.
(Zo["o]l.), the wall-eyed pike, or glasseye.
, an impudent fellow. [Colloq. & Obs.]
(Mach.), the first intermediate shaft, in a factory or mill, which receives power, through belts or gearing, from a prime mover, and transmits it, by the same means, to other intermediate shafts or to a line shaft.
(Knitting Mach.), a thin iron plate operated by the jack to depress the loop of thread between two needles.
. (Zo["o]l.) See in the Vocabulary.
(Naut.), a staff fixed on the bowsprit cap, upon which the jack is hoisted.
(Arch.), any timber, as a rafter, rib, or studding, which, being intercepted, is shorter than the others.
, a towel hung on a roller for common use.
(Arch.), in a hip roof, a minor truss used where the roof has not its full section.
. (Bot.) See 1st , n.
(Naut.), a short spar to extend a topsail beyond the gaff.
, blue vitriol; sulphate of copper.
, a jack used for lifting, pulling, or forcing, consisting of a compact portable hydrostatic press, with its pump and a reservoir containing a supply of liquid, as oil.
. (a) One called upon to take the place of another in an emergency. (b) An itinerant parson who conducts an occasional service for a fee.
, one who can turn his hand to any kind of work.
(Bot.), a plant of the genus ({E. alliaria}, or ), which grows under hedges. It bears a white flower and has a taste not unlike garlic. Called also, in England, . -Eng. Cyc.
. (a) (Bot.) A tropical tree (), which bears a drupe that rattles when dry in the inflated calyx. (b) A child's toy, consisting of a box, out of which, when the lid is raised, a figure springs. (c) (Mech.) An epicyclic train of bevel gears for transmitting rotary motion to two parts in such a manner that their relative rotation may be variable; applied to driving the wheels of tricycles, road locomotives, and to cotton machinery, etc.; an equation box; a jack frame; - called also . (d) A large wooden screw turning in a nut attached to the crosspiece of a rude press.
, an insolent fellow in authority. -Wolcott.
(Bot.), a tropical shrub with red fruit ().
, a chimney sweep inclosed in a framework of boughs, carried in Mayday processions.
(Bot.), the American plant {Aris[ae]ma triphyllum}, or Indian turnip, in which the upright spadix is inclosed.
(Bot.), the stonecrop ().
, a figure, usually of a man, on old clocks, which struck the time on the bell.
, one who is or tries to be neutral.
, one who has been in office and is turned out. -Shak.
, the hero of a well-known nursery story.
, {Jack-o'-lantern}. (a) An ignis fatuus; a will-o'-the-wisp. ``[Newspaper speculations] supplying so many more jack-o'-lanterns to the future historian.'' -Lowell. (b) A lantern made of a pumpkin so prepared as to show in illumination the features of a human face, etc.
(Naut.), the yellow fever; also, the quarantine flag. See , under .
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