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Guadeloupe

 

Guadeloupe
Introduction Guadeloupe
-----------------------
Background: Guadeloupe has been a French
possession since 1635. The island of
Saint Martin is shared with the
Netherlands; its southern portion is
named Sint Maarten and is part of
the Netherlands Antilles and its
northern portion is named Saint-
Martin and is part of Guadeloupe

Geography Guadeloupe
--------------------
Location: Caribbean, islands in the eastern
Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto
Rico
Geographic coordinates: 16 15 N, 61 35 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total: 1,780 sq km
note: Guadeloupe is an archipelago
of nine inhabited islands, including
Basse-Terre, Grande-Terre, Marie-
Galante, La Desirade, Iles des
Saintes (2), Saint-Barthelemy, Iles
de la Petite Terre, and Saint-Martin
(French part of the island of Saint
Martin)
water: 74 sq km
land: 1,706 sq km
Area - comparative: 10 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries: total: 10.2 km
border countries: Netherlands
Antilles (Sint Maarten) 10.2 km
Coastline: 306 km
Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 12 NM
Climate: subtropical tempered by trade winds;
moderately high humidity
Terrain: Basse-Terre is volcanic in origin
with interior mountains; Grande-
Terre is low limestone formation;
most of the seven other islands are
volcanic in origin
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Soufriere 1,484 m
Natural resources: cultivable land, beaches and climate
that foster tourism
Land use: arable land: 10.65%
permanent crops: 4.14%
other: 85.21% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land: 20 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: hurricanes (June to October);
Soufriere de Guadeloupe is an active
volcano
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: a narrow channel, the Riviere Salee,
divides Guadeloupe proper into two
islands: the larger, western Basse-
Terre and the smaller, eastern
Grande-Terre

People Guadeloupe
-----------------
Population: 435,739 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 24.9% (male 55,393;
female 53,047)
15-64 years: 66.2% (male 142,945;
female 145,757)
65 years and over: 8.9% (male
16,168; female 22,429) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.04% (2002 est.)
Birth rate: 16.53 births/1,000 population (2002
est.)
Death rate: 6.03 deaths/1,000 population (2002
est.)
Net migration rate: -0.15 migrant(s)/1,000 population
(2002 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/
female
total population: 0.97 male(s)/
female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 9.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.35 years
female: 80.66 years (2002 est.)
male: 74.19 years
Total fertility rate: 1.92 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: Guadeloupian(s)
adjective: Guadeloupe
Ethnic groups: black or mulatto 90%, white 5%, East
Indian, Lebanese, Chinese less than
5%
Religions: Roman Catholic 95%, Hindu and pagan
African 4%, Protestant 1%
Languages: French (official) 99%, Creole patois
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
and write
total population: 90%
male: 90%
female: 90% (1982 est.)

Government Guadeloupe
---------------------
Country name: conventional long form: Department
of Guadeloupe
conventional short form: Guadeloupe
local short form: Guadeloupe
local long form: Departement de la
Guadeloupe
Dependency status: overseas department of France
Government type: NA
Capital: Basse-Terre
Administrative divisions: none (overseas department of France)
Independence: none (overseas department of France)
National holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French
Constitution)
Legal system: French legal system
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: President Jacques
CHIRAC of France (since 17 May
1995), represented by Prefect Jean-
Francois CARENCO (since NA July
1999)
election results: NA
elections: French president elected
by popular vote for a five-year
term; prefect appointed by the
French president on the advice of
the French Ministry of Interior; the
presidents of the General and
Regional Councils are elected by the
members of those councils
head of government: President of the
General Council Jacques GILLOT
(since 23 March 2001); President of
the Regional Council Lucette
MICHAUX-CHEVRY (since 22 March 1992)

cabinet: NA
Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or
Conseil General (42 seats; members
are elected by popular vote to serve
six-year terms) and the unicameral
Regional Council or Conseil Regional
(41 seats; members are elected by
popular vote to serve six-year
terms)
elections: General Council - last
held 22 March 1998 (next to be held
by NA 2004); Regional Council - last
held 15 March 1998 (next to be held
NA 2004)
note: Guadeloupe elects two
representatives to the French
Senate; elections last held NA
September 1995 (next to be held NA
September 2004); percent of vote by
party - NA%; seats by party - RPR 1,
FGPS 1; Guadeloupe elects four
representatives to the French
National Assembly; elections last
held 9 June-16 June 2002 (next to be
held NA 2002); percent of vote by
party - NA%; seats by party - NA
election results: General Council -
percent of vote by party - NA%;
seats by party - diverse left
parties 11, PS 8, RPR 8, PPDG 6,
diverse right parties 5, PCG 3, UDF
1; Regional Council - percent of
vote by party - RPR 48.03%, PS/PPDG/
diverse left parties 24.49%, PCG
5.29%, diverse right parties 5.73%;
seats by party - RPR 25, PS/PPDG/
diverse left parties 12, PCG 2,
diverse right parties 2
Judicial branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel with
jurisdiction over Guadeloupe, French
Guiana, and Martinique
Political parties and leaders: Communist Party of Guadeloupe or PCG
[Christian CELESTE]; FGPS [Dominique
LARIFLA]; Progressive Democratic
Party or PPDG [Henri BANGOU]; Rally
for the Republic or RPR [Aldo
BLAISE]; Socialist Party or PS
[Georges LOUISOR]; Union for French
Democracy or UDF [Marcel ESDRAS]
Political pressure groups and Christian Movement for the
leaders: Liberation of Guadeloupe or KLPG;
General Federation of Guadeloupe
Workers or CGT-G; General Union of
Guadeloupe Workers or UGTG; Movement
for Independent Guadeloupe or MPGI
International organization FZ, WCL, WFTU
participation:
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas department of France)
Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas department of France)
US:
Flag description: the flag of France is used

Economy Guadeloupe
------------------
Economy - overview: The economy depends on agriculture,
tourism, light industry, and
services. It also depends on France
for large subsidies and imports.
Tourism is a key industry, with most
tourists from the US; an
increasingly large number of cruise
ships visit the islands. The
traditional sugarcane crop is slowly
being replaced by other crops, such
as bananas (which now supply about
50% of export earnings), eggplant,
and flowers. Other vegetables and
root crops are cultivated for local
consumption, although Guadeloupe is
still dependent on imported food,
mainly from France. Light industry
features sugar and rum production.
Most manufactured goods and fuel are
imported. Unemployment is especially
high among the young. Hurricanes
periodically devastate the economy.
GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.7
billion (1997 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: NA%
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $9,000
(1997 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 15%
industry: 17%
services: 68% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
Labor force: 125,900 (1997)
Labor force - by occupation: NA
Unemployment rate: 27.8% (1998)
Budget: revenues: $225 million
expenditures: $390 million,
including capital expenditures of
$105 million (1996)
Industries: construction, cement, rum, sugar,
tourism
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: 1.39 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
hydro: 0%
other: 0% (2000)
nuclear: 0%
Electricity - consumption: 1.293 billion kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
Agriculture - products: bananas, sugarcane, tropical fruits
and vegetables; cattle, pigs, goats
Exports: $140 million (f.o.b., 1997)
Exports - commodities: bananas, sugar, rum
Exports - partners: France 60%, Martinique 18%, US 4%
(1997)
Imports: $1.7 billion (c.i.f., 1997)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, fuels, vehicles,
clothing and other consumer goods,
construction materials
Imports - partners: France 63%, Germany 4%, US 3%, Japan
2%, Netherlands Antilles 2% (1997)
Debt - external: $NA
Economic aid - recipient: $NA; note - substantial annual
French subsidies
Currency: euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
Currency code: EUR; FRF
Exchange rates: Euros per US dollar - 1.1324
(January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
1.0854 (2000), 0.9386 (1999); French
francs per US dollar - 5.8995
(1998), 5.8367 (1997)
Fiscal year: calendar year

Communications Guadeloupe
-------------------------
Telephones - main lines in use: 171,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
Telephone system: general assessment: domestic
facilities inadequate
domestic: NA
international: satellite earth
station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
Ocean); microwave radio relay to
Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, and
Martinique
Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 17, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios: 113,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 5 (plus several low-power repeaters)
(1997)
Televisions: 118,000 (1997)
Internet country code: .gp
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2000)
Internet users: 4,000 (2000)

Transportation Guadeloupe
-------------------------
Railways: total: NA km; privately owned,
narrow-gauge plantation lines
Highways: total: 2,560 km
paved: 965 km
unpaved: 1,595 km (1996)
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: Basse-Terre, Gustavia (on Saint
Barthelemy), Marigot, Pointe-a-Pitre
Merchant marine: total: 1 ship (1,000 GRT or over)
totaling 1,240 GRT/109 DWT
ships by type: passenger 1
note: includes a foreign-owned ship
registered here as a flag of
convenience: France 1 (2002 est.)
Airports: 9 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 8
over 3,047 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 2
under 914 m: 5 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2001)

Military Guadeloupe
-------------------
Military branches: no regular indigenous military
forces; French Forces, Gendarmerie
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
France

Transnational Issues Guadeloupe
-------------------------------
Disputes - international: none
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