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Ashmore and Cartier Islands

 

Ashmore and Cartier Islands
Introduction Ashmore and Cartier Islands
----------------------------------------
Background: These uninhabited islands came under
Australian authority in 1931; formal
administration began two years
later. Ashmore Reef supports a rich
and diverse avian and marine
habitat; in 1983 it became a
National Nature Reserve. Cartier
Island, a former bombing range, is
now a marine reserve.

Geography Ashmore and Cartier Islands
-------------------------------------
Location: Southeastern Asia, islands in the
Indian Ocean, northwest of Australia
Geographic coordinates: 12 14 S, 123 05 E
Map references: Southeast Asia
Area: total: 5 sq km
note: includes Ashmore Reef (West,
Middle, and East Islets) and Cartier
Island
water: 0 sq km
land: 5 sq km
Area - comparative: about eight times the size of The
Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 74.1 km
Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 12 NM
continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
the depth of exploitation
territorial sea: 12 NM
exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
Climate: tropical
Terrain: low with sand and coral
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 3 m
Natural resources: fish
Land use: arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (all grass and sand)
(1998 est.)
Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards: surrounded by shoals and reefs that
can pose maritime hazards
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: Ashmore Reef National Nature Reserve
established in August 1983

People Ashmore and Cartier Islands
----------------------------------
Population: no indigenous inhabitants
note: Indonesian fishermen are
allowed access to the lagoon and
fresh waster at Ashmore Reef's West
Island
Population growth rate: NA
People - note: the landing of illegal immigrants
from Indonesia's Rote Island has
become an ongoing problem

Government Ashmore and Cartier Islands
--------------------------------------
Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
Ashmore and Cartier Islands
conventional short form: Ashmore and
Cartier Islands
Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered
by the Australian Department of
Transport and Regional Services
Legal system: the laws of the Commonwealth of
Australia and the laws of the
Northern Territory of Australia,
where applicable, apply
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)
Diplomatic representation from the none (territory of Australia)
US:
Flag description: the flag of Australia is used

Economy Ashmore and Cartier Islands
-----------------------------------
Economy - overview: no economic activity


Transportation Ashmore and Cartier Islands
------------------------------------------
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only

Military Ashmore and Cartier Islands
------------------------------------
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
Australia; periodic visits by the
Royal Australian Navy and Royal
Australian Air Force
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