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Kibbutzim

 

kibbutz "kib*butz"" (k[i^]b*b[oo^]ts; k[i^]b*b[=oo]ts), n.; pl.
. [Modern Hebrew kibbutz gathering.]
an Israeli communal[2] form of agricultural settlement.
Originally it was predominantly agricultural and practiced a
very high level of sharing, including collective rearing of
children. More recently (by 1998) industries have taken over
a significant role in the Kibbutz economy, and the level of
sharing has dropped significantly.
Note: Of several Modern Hebrew words designating unique
Israeli forms of agricultural settlement, only the word
Kibbutz found its way into English. This may reflect
the fact that the Kibbutzim, and only they, have long
practiced hosting foreign volunteers from all over the
world: youngsters who work on the Kibbutz not for a
salary but for boarding and food. Many volunteers come
from English speaking countries, and probably via them
the word Kibbutz entered modern English dictionaries.
[RP]
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