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To set apart


Set "Set" (s[e^]t), v. t. [imp. & p. p. ; p. pr. & vb. n.
.] [OE. setten, AS. setton; akin to OS. settian,
OFries. setta, D. zetten, OHG. sezzen, G. setzen, Icel.
setja, Sw. s["a]tta, Dan. s?tte, Goth. satjan; causative from
the root of E. sit. [root]154. See , and cf. .]
1. To cause to sit; to make to assume a specified position or
attitude; to give site or place to; to place; to put; to
fix; as, to set a house on a stone foundation; to set a
book on a shelf; to set a dish on a table; to set a chest
or trunk on its bottom or on end.

I do set my bow in the cloud. —Gen. ix. 13.

2. Hence, to attach or affix (something) to something else,
or in or upon a certain place.

Set your affection on things above. —Col. iii. 2.

The Lord set a mark upon Cain. —Gen. iv. 15.

3. To make to assume specified place, condition, or
occupation; to put in a certain condition or state
(described by the accompanying words); to cause to be.

The Lord thy God will set thee on high. —Deut.
xxviii. 1.

I am come to set a man at variance against his
father, and the daughter against her mother. —Matt.
x. 35.

Every incident sets him thinking. —Coleridge.

4. To fix firmly; to make fast, permanent, or stable; to
render motionless; to give an unchanging place, form, or
condition to. Specifically:

(a) To cause to stop or stick; to obstruct; to fasten to a
spot; hence, to occasion difficulty to; to embarrass;
as, to set a coach in the mud.

They show how hard they are set in this
particular. —Addison.

(b) To fix beforehand; to determine; hence, to make
unyielding or obstinate; to render stiff, unpliant, or
rigid; as, to set one's countenance.

His eyes were set by reason of his age. —1
Kings xiv. 4.

On these three objects his heart was set.

Make my heart as a millstone, set my face as a
flint. —Tennyson.

(c) To fix in the ground, as a post or a tree; to plant;
as, to set pear trees in an orchard.

(d) To fix, as a precious stone, in a border of metal; to
place in a setting; hence, to place in or amid
something which serves as a setting; as, to set glass
in a sash.

And him too rich a jewel to be set
In vulgar metal for a vulgar use. —Dryden.

(e) To render stiff or solid; especially, to convert into
curd; to curdle; as, to set milk for cheese.

5. To put into a desired position or condition; to adjust; to
regulate; to adapt. Specifically:

(a) To put in order in a particular manner; to prepare;
as, to set (that is, to hone) a razor; to set a saw.

Tables for to sette, and beddes make. —Chaucer.

(b) To extend and bring into position; to spread; as, to
set the sails of a ship.

(c) To give a pitch to, as a tune; to start by fixing the
keynote; as, to set a psalm. —Fielding.

(d) To reduce from a dislocated or fractured state; to
replace; as, to set a broken bone.

(e) To make to agree with some standard; as, to set a
watch or a clock.

(f) (Masonry) To lower into place and fix solidly, as the
blocks of cut stone in a structure.

6. To stake at play; to wager; to risk.

I have set my life upon a cast,
And I will stand the hazard of the die. —Shak.

7. To fit with music; to adapt, as words to notes; to prepare
for singing.

Set thy own songs, and sing them to thy lute.

8. To determine; to appoint; to assign; to fix; as, to set a
time for a meeting; to set a price on a horse.

9. To adorn with something infixed or affixed; to stud; to
variegate with objects placed here and there.

High on their heads, with jewels richly set,
Each lady wore a radiant coronet. —Dryden.

Pastoral dales thin set with modern farms.

10. To value; to rate; — with at.

Be you contented, wearing now the garland,
To have a son set your decrees at naught. —Shak.

I do not set my life at a pin's fee. —Shak.

11. To point out the seat or position of, as birds, or other
game; — said of hunting dogs.

12. To establish as a rule; to furnish; to prescribe; to
assign; as, to set an example; to set lessons to be

13. To suit; to become; as, it sets him ill. [Scot.]

14. (Print.) To compose; to arrange in words, lines, etc.;
as, to set type; to set a page.

. See . [Obs.] —Shak.
, to oppose; to set in comparison with, or to
oppose to, as an equivalent in exchange; as, to set one
thing against another.
, to cause to move.
, to separate to a particular use; to separate
from the rest; to reserve.
, to bend each tooth a little, every alternate
one being bent to one side, and the intermediate ones to
the other side, so that the opening made by the saw may be
a little wider than the thickness of the back, to prevent
the saw from sticking.
(a) To leave out of account; to pass by; to omit; to
neglect; to reject; to annul.

Setting aside all other considerations, I will
endeavor to know the truth, and yield to that.

(b) To set apart; to reserve; as, to set aside part of
one's income.
(c) (Law) See under .
, to defy.
, to quiet; to tranquilize; as, to set the
heart at ease.
, to undervalue; to contemn; to despise.
``Ye have set at naught all my counsel.'' —Prov. i. 25.

, or , to put
it in a proper condition or position to catch prey; hence,
to lay a plan to deceive and draw another into one's
, or .
(a) To cause to enter on work or action, or to direct how
tu enter on work.
(b) To apply one's self; — used reflexively.
(a) To bring out to view before; to exhibit.
(b) To propose for choice to; to offer to.
(a) To set apart or on one side; to reject.
(b) To attach the value of (anything) to. ``I set not a
straw by thy dreamings.'' —Chaucer.
, to observe and note the bearing or
situation of by the compass.
, to suppose; to assume. Cf. , under
, v. t. [Obs.] —Chaucer.
(a) To enter in writing; to register.

Some rules were to be set down for the
government of the army. —Clarendon.

(b) To fix; to establish; to ordain.

This law we may name eternal, being that order
which God . . . hath set down with himself, for
himself to do all things by. —Hooker.

(c) To humiliate.
, to see; to behold; to fasten the eyes on.

, or , to communicate fire
to; fig., to inflame; to enkindle the passions of; to
(Naut.), to hook to halyards, sheets, etc.,
instead of extending with rings or the like on a stay; --
said of a sail.
(a) To manifest; to offer or present to view; to exhibt;
to display.
(b) To publish; to promulgate; to make appear. —Waller.
(c) To send out; to prepare and send. [Obs.]

The Venetian admiral had a fleet of sixty
galleys, set forth by the Venetians. —Knolles.

(a) To cause to advance.
(b) To promote.
, to release from confinement, imprisonment, or
bondage; to liberate; to emancipate.
, to put in the way; to begin; to give a start to.

If you please to assist and set me in, I will
recollect myself. —Collier.

, to adjust or arrange; to reduce to method.
``The rest will I set in order when I come.'' —1 Cor. xi.
(a) To expose it in open dishes in order that the cream
may rise to the surface.
(b) To cause it to become curdled as by the action of
rennet. See 4
(e) .
or , to care much, or
little, for.
, to value; to set by. [Obs.] ``I set not an haw
of his proverbs.'' —Chaucer.
(a) To separate from a whole; to assign to a particular
purpose; to portion off; as, to set off a portion of
an estate.
(b) To adorn; to decorate; to embellish.

They . . . set off the worst faces with the
best airs. —Addison.

(c) To give a flattering description of.
, to place against as an equivalent; as,
to set off one man's services against another's.
or .
(a) To incite; to instigate. ``Thou, traitor, hast set on
thy wife to this.'' —Shak.
(b) To employ, as in a task. `` Set on thy wife to
observe.'' —Shak.
(c) To fix upon; to attach strongly to; as, to set one's
heart or affections on some object. See definition 2,
{To set one's cap for}. See under , n.
{To set one's self against}, to place one's self in a state
of enmity or opposition to.
{To set one's teeth}, to press them together tightly.
, to set going; to put in motion; to start.

(a) To assign; to allot; to mark off; to limit; as, to
set out the share of each proprietor or heir of an
estate; to set out the widow's thirds.
(b) To publish, as a proclamation. [Obs.]
(c) To adorn; to embellish.

An ugly woman, in rich habit set out with
jewels, nothing can become. —Dryden.

(d) To raise, equip, and send forth; to furnish. [R.]

The Venetians pretend they could set out, in
case of great necessity, thirty men-of-war.

(e) To show; to display; to recommend; to set off.

I could set out that best side of Luther.

(f) To show; to prove. [R.] ``Those very reasons set out
how heinous his sin was.'' —Atterbury.
(g) (Law) To recite; to state at large.
(a) To appoint or constitute as supervisor, inspector,
ruler, or commander.
(b) To assign; to transfer; to convey.
, to correct; to put in order.
. (Naut.) See under , n.
, to consider valuable.
, to determine what shall be the fashion;
to establish the mode.
, to affect the teeth with a
disagreeable sensation, as when acids are brought in
contact with them.
(Naut.), to place the starboard or port
watch on duty.
, to attach to; to affix to. ``He . . . hath set
to his seal that God is true.'' —John iii. 33.
. (a) To erect; to raise; to elevate; as, to set
up a building, or a machine; to set up a post, a wall, a
(b) Hence, to exalt; to put in power. ``I will . . . set
up the throne of David over Israel.'' —2 Sam. iii.
(c) To begin, as a new institution; to institute; to
establish; to found; as, to set up a manufactory; to
set up a school.
(d) To enable to commence a new business; as, to set up a
son in trade.
(e) To place in view; as, to set up a mark.
(f) To raise; to utter loudly; as, to set up the voice.

I'll set up such a note as she shall hear.

(g) To advance; to propose as truth or for reception; as,
to set up a new opinion or doctrine. —T. Burnet.
(h) To raise from depression, or to a sufficient fortune;
as, this good fortune quite set him up.
(i) To intoxicate. [Slang]
(j) (Print.) To put in type; as, to set up copy; to
arrange in words, lines, etc., ready for printing;
as, to set up type.
(Naut.), to make it taut by means of
tackles. —R. H. Dana, Jr.

Syn: See .
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