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Guernsey

 

Guernsey
Introduction Guernsey
---------------------
Background: The island of Guernsey and the other
Channel Islands represent the last
remnants of the medieval Dukedom of
Normandy, which held sway in both
France and England. The islands were
the only British soil occupied by
German troops in World War II.

Geography Guernsey
------------------
Location: Western Europe, islands in the
English Channel, northwest of France
Geographic coordinates: 49 28 N, 2 35 W
Map references: Europe
Area: total: 78 sq km
note: includes Alderney, Guernsey,
Herm, Sark, and some other smaller
islands
water: 0 sq km
land: 78 sq km
Area - comparative: slightly larger than Washington, DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 50 km
Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Climate: temperate with mild winters and cool
summers; about 50% of days are
overcast
Terrain: mostly level with low hills in
southwest
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location on
Sark 114 m
Natural resources: cropland
Land use: arable land: NA%
permanent crops: NA%
other: NA% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: NA
Environment - current issues: NA
Geography - note: large, deepwater harbor at Saint
Peter Port

People Guernsey
---------------
Population: 64,587 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 16% (male 5,250; female
5,101)
15-64 years: 66.7% (male 21,356;
female 21,728)
65 years and over: 17.3% (male
4,622; female 6,530) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.37% (2002 est.)
Birth rate: 9.69 births/1,000 population (2002
est.)
Death rate: 9.86 deaths/1,000 population (2002
est.)
Net migration rate: 3.87 migrant(s)/1,000 population
(2002 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/
female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/
female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 4.92 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.9 years
female: 83.01 years (2002 est.)
male: 76.91 years
Total fertility rate: 1.36 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: Channel Islander(s)
adjective: Channel Islander
Ethnic groups: UK and Norman-French descent
Religions: Anglican, Roman Catholic,
Presbyterian, Baptist,
Congregational, Methodist
Languages: English, French, Norman-French
dialect spoken in country districts
Literacy: definition: NA
total population: NA%
male: NA%
female: NA%

Government Guernsey
-------------------
Country name: conventional long form: Bailiwick of
Guernsey
conventional short form: Guernsey
Dependency status: British crown dependency
Government type: NA
Capital: St. Peter Port
Administrative divisions: none (British crown dependency);
there are no first-order
administrative divisions as defined
by the US Government, but there are
10 parishes including St. Peter
Port, St. Sampson, Vale, Castel, St.
Saviour, St. Pierre du Bois,
Torteval, Forest, St. Martin, St.
Andrew
Independence: none (British crown dependency)
National holiday: Liberation Day, 9 May (1945)
Constitution: unwritten; partly statutes, partly
common law and practice
Legal system: English law and local statute;
justice is administered by the Royal
Court
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
(since 6 February 1952)
elections: none; the monarch is
hereditary; lieutenant governor
appointed by the monarch; bailiff
appointed by the monarch
head of government: Lieutenant
Governor and Commander-in-Chief Lt.
Gen. Sir John FOLEY (since NA 2000)
and Bailiff De Vic G. CAREY (since
NA)
cabinet: Advisory and Finance
Committee appointed by the Assembly
of the States
Legislative branch: unicameral Assembly of the States;
consists of the bailiff, 10 Douzaine
(parish council) representatives, 45
people's deputies elected by popular
vote, 2 representatives from
Alderney, Her Majesty's Procureur
(Attorney General), Her Majesty's
Comptroller (Solicitor General) and
Her Majesty's Greffier (Court
Recorder and Registrar General);
note - Alderney and Sark have their
own parliaments
elections: last held 12 April 2000
(next to be held NA 2004)
election results: percent of vote -
NA%; seats - all independents
Judicial branch: Royal Court
Political parties and leaders: none; all independents
Political pressure groups and none
leaders:
International organization none
participation:
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (British crown dependency)
Diplomatic representation from the none (British crown dependency)
US:
Flag description: white with the red cross of Saint
George (patron saint of England)
extending to the edges of the flag
and a yellow equal-armed cross of
William the Conqueror superimposed
on the Saint George cross

Economy Guernsey
----------------
Economy - overview: Financial services - banking, fund
management, insurance, etc. -
account for about 55% of total
income in this tiny Channel Island
economy. Tourism, manufacturing, and
horticulture, mainly tomatoes and
cut flowers, have been declining.
Light tax and death duties make
Guernsey a popular tax haven. The
evolving economic integration of the
EU nations is changing the rules of
the game under which Guernsey
operates.
GDP: purchasing power parity - $1.3
billion (1999 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 5.7% (1999 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $20,000
(1999 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3%
industry: 10%
services: 87% (2000)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.99% (2000 est.)
Labor force: 31,322 (2000)
Unemployment rate: 0.5% (1999 est.)
Budget: revenues: $381.3 million
expenditures: $368.8 million,
including capital expenditures of
$NA (2000 est.)
Industries: tourism, banking
Industrial production growth rate: NA%
Electricity - production: NA kWh
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
Electricity - exports: NA kWh
Electricity - imports: NA kWh
Agriculture - products: tomatoes, greenhouse flowers, sweet
peppers, eggplant, fruit; Guernsey
cattle
Exports: $NA
Exports - commodities: tomatoes, flowers and ferns, sweet
peppers, eggplant, other vegetables
Exports - partners: UK (regarded as internal trade)
Imports: $NA
Imports - commodities: coal, gasoline, oil, machinery and
equipment
Imports - partners: UK (regarded as internal trade)
Debt - external: $NA
Economic aid - recipient: $NA
Currency: British pound (GBP); note - there is
also a Guernsey pound
Currency code: GBP
Exchange rates: Guernsey pounds per US dollar -
0.6944 (January 2002), 0.6944
(2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180
(1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6106
(1997); note - the Guernsey pound is
at par with the British pound
Fiscal year: calendar year

Communications Guernsey
-----------------------
Telephones - main lines in use: 44,000 (1996)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 12,000 (1997)
Telephone system: general assessment: NA
domestic: NA
international: 1 submarine cable
Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios: NA
Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
Televisions: NA
Internet country code: .gg
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): NA
Internet users: NA

Transportation Guernsey
-----------------------
Railways: 5 km
Highways: total: NA km
paved: NA km
unpaved: NA km
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: St. Peter Port, Saint Sampson
Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
Airports: 2 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1
under 914 m: 1 (2001)

Military Guernsey
-----------------
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
UK

Transnational Issues Guernsey
-----------------------------
Disputes - international: none
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