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Anguilla

 

Anguilla
Introduction Anguilla
---------------------
Background: Colonized by English settlers from
Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was
administered by Great Britain until
the early 19th century, when the
island - against the wishes of the
inhabitants - was incorporated into
a single British dependency along
with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several
attempts at separation failed. In
1971, two years after a revolt,
Anguilla was finally allowed to
secede; this arrangement was
formally recognized in 1980 with
Anguilla becoming a separate British
dependency.

Geography Anguilla
------------------
Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean
Sea, east of Puerto Rico
Geographic coordinates: 18 15 N, 63 10 W
Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
Area: total: 102 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 102 sq km
Area - comparative: about half the size of Washington,
DC
Land boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 61 km
Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
territorial sea: 3 NM
Climate: tropical; moderated by northeast
trade winds
Terrain: flat and low-lying island of coral
and limestone
Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Crocus Hill 65 m
Natural resources: salt, fish, lobster
Land use: arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (mostly rock with sparse
scrub oak, few trees, some
commercial salt ponds) (1998 est.)
Irrigated land: NA sq km
Natural hazards: frequent hurricanes and other
tropical storms (July to October)
Environment - current issues: supplies of potable water sometimes
cannot meet increasing demand
largely because of poor distribution
system
Geography - note: the most northerly of the Leeward
Islands in the Lesser Antilles

People Anguilla
---------------
Population: 12,446 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 25% (male 1,575; female
1,529)
15-64 years: 68.1% (male 4,356;
female 4,124)
65 years and over: 6.9% (male 383;
female 479) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.44% (2002 est.)
Birth rate: 14.94 births/1,000 population (2002
est.)
Death rate: 5.54 deaths/1,000 population (2002
est.)
Net migration rate: 15.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population
(2002 est.)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/
female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate: 23.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 76.5 years
female: 79.5 years (2002 est.)
male: 73.6 years
Total fertility rate: 1.77 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
AIDS:
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Nationality: noun: Anguillan(s)
adjective: Anguillan
Ethnic groups: black (predominant), mulatto, white
Religions: Anglican 40%, Methodist 33%,
Seventh-Day Adventist 7%, Baptist
5%, Roman Catholic 3%, other 12%
Languages: English (official)
Literacy: definition: age 12 and over can read
and write
total population: 95%
male: 95%
female: 95% (1984 est.)

Government Anguilla
-------------------
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Anguilla
Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK
Government type: NA
Capital: The Valley
Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday: Anguilla Day, 30 May
Constitution: Anguilla Constitutional Order 1
April 1982; amended 1990
Legal system: based on English common law
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
(since 6 February 1952); represented
by Governor Peter JOHNSTONE (since
NA February 2000)
elections: none; the monarch is
hereditary; governor appointed by
the monarch; chief minister
appointed by the governor from among
the members of the House of Assembly

head of government: Chief Minister
Osbourne FLEMING (since 3 March
2000)
cabinet: Executive Council appointed
by the governor from among the
elected members of the House of
Assembly
Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly (11
seats total, 7 elected by direct
popular vote, 2 ex officio members,
and 2 appointed; members serve five-
year terms)
elections: last held 3 March 2000
(next to be held NA June 2005)
election results: percent of vote by
party - NA%; seats by party - UF 4,
AUM 2, independent 1
Judicial branch: High Court (judge provided by
Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court)
Political parties and leaders: Anguilla United Movement or AUM
[Hubert HUGHES]; The United Front or
UF [Osbourne FLEMMING, Victor
BANKS], a coalition of the Anguilla
Democratic Party or ADP and the
Anguilla National Alliance or ANA
Political pressure groups and NA
leaders:
International organization Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol
participation: (subbureau), OECS (associate), ECLAC
(associate)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas territory of the UK)
US:
Flag description: blue, with the flag of the UK in the
upper hoist-side quadrant and the
Anguillan coat of arms centered in
the outer half of the flag; the coat
of arms depicts three orange
dolphins in an interlocking circular
design on a white background with
blue wavy water below

Economy Anguilla
----------------
Economy - overview: Anguilla has few natural resources,
and the economy depends heavily on
luxury tourism, offshore banking,
lobster fishing, and remittances
from emigrants. Increased activity
in the tourism industry, which has
spurred the growth of the
construction sector, has contributed
to economic growth. Anguillan
officials have put substantial
effort into developing the offshore
financial sector, which is small,
but growing. In the medium term,
prospects for the economy will
depend largely on the tourism sector
and, therefore, on revived income
growth in the industrialized nations
as well as on favorable weather
conditions.
GDP: purchasing power parity - $104
million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 0% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $8,600
(2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4%
industry: 18%
services: 78% (1997 est.)
Population below poverty line: NA%
Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.3% (2001 est.)
Labor force: 6,735 (1999)
Labor force - by occupation: commerce 36%, services 29%,
construction 18%, transportation and
utilities 10%, manufacturing 3%,
agriculture/fishing/forestry/mining
4%
Unemployment rate: 8% (1999)
Budget: revenues: $20.4 million
expenditures: $23.3 million,
including capital expenditures of
$3.8 million (1997 est.)
Industries: tourism, boat building, offshore
financial services
Industrial production growth rate: 3.1% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production: 45.85 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
hydro: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
Electricity - consumption: 42.6 million kWh
Agriculture - products: small quantities of tobacco,
vegetables; cattle raising
Exports: $2.6 million (1999)
Exports - commodities: lobster, fish, livestock, salt,
concrete blocks, rum
Exports - partners: UK, US, Puerto Rico
Imports: $80.9 million (1999)
Imports - commodities: fuels, foodstuffs, manufactures,
chemicals, textiles
Imports - partners: US, Puerto Rico, UK
Debt - external: $8.8 million (1998)
Economic aid - recipient: $3.5 million (1995)
Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Currency code: XCD
Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar
- 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March

Communications Anguilla
-----------------------
Telephones - main lines in use: 4,974 (2000)
Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,629 (2000)
Telephone system: general assessment: NA
domestic: modern internal telephone
system
international: microwave radio relay
to island of Saint Martin
(Guadeloupe and Netherlands
Antilles)
Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM 6, shortwave 1 (1998)
Radios: 3,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
Televisions: 1,000 (1997)
Internet country code: .ai
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16 (2000)
Internet users: 919 (2000)

Transportation Anguilla
-----------------------
Railways: 0 km
Highways: total: 105 km
paved: 65 km
unpaved: 40 km (1998 est.)
Waterways: none
Ports and harbors: Blowing Point, Road Bay
Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
Airports: 3 (2001)
Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2
under 914 m: 2 (2001)

Military Anguilla
-----------------
Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
UK

Transnational Issues Anguilla
-----------------------------
Disputes - international: none
Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South
American narcotics destined for the
US and Europe
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